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In the experiment, one group was challenged to run the 18 miles to earn a raffle ticket to win prizes from the online platform if they completed it. In another group, individuals received a raffle ticket from a friend on the platform for the chance to win prizes, then were given the opportunity to reciprocate and earn the same chance for that friend by running the 18 miles. The group that had to run to earn prizes to pay back their friends was 32% more likely to actually complete the challenge than the participants who ran to earn prizes for themselves.

In the present study, the terms reciprocal and nonreciprocal indicate that spousal violence is perpetrated by both partners (reciprocal) or one partner only (nonreciprocal) after marriage. However, reciprocate violence does not indicate that the type of violence (physical, sexual, and emotional), its severity, and frequency are the same between both spouses.

In binary logistic regression [Table 1], among all sociodemographic factors, nonreciprocate domestic violence experience was associated with alcoholic husband (P = 0.001), more than 2 years duration of marriage (P = 0.001), less education of the participant (P = 0.033), and low socioeconomic class (P = 0.004).

Late year of marriage (>2 years) and low socioeconomic class were found to be significant risk factors for nonreciprocate violence. Our results are consistent with Kamat et al. and Saffari et al., respectively.[14,20] For reciprocate violence, nuclear family was the risk factor. The likely cause of this is that in India, joint family acts as a buffer in situations of social stress such as unemployment, etc. The present study shows that chances of suffering from severe injuries are significantly more in reciprocate violence than nonreciprocate violence. Our results are consistent with Whitaker et al. and Norris et al.[7,13] This can be explained by the fact that in reciprocate violence, the heat of aggression and arguments are greater because both partners are actively involved and the conflict escalates even further.

The reciprocation process is started by means of a formal request submitted to the ESRB by the authority that activated the initial measure. The request specifies an institution-level materiality threshold to guide the application of the de minimis exemption. If deemed justified, the ESRB will issue a recommendation. This recommendation amends Recommendation ESRB/2015/2 to include the macroprudential policy measures that are to be reciprocated.

Here's the tricky part: the desire to reciprocate is not necessarily in proportion to the original benefit provided. In Influence: the Psychology of Persuasion, Robert Cialdini provides an example of reciprocation in car sales. Car salesmen typically offer prospects a small gift up front.

It seems like a simple gesture of hospitality. It's not. Accepting this small offer creates a psychological need to reciprocate, subtly stacking the deck in the salesman's favor. Prospective car buyers who accepted this free offer were far more likely to purchase a vehicle, add optional accessories, and agree to less attractive financing terms.

The more legitimate value you can provide to others up-front, the more receptive they'll be when it's time for your pitch. Providing Free value builds your social capital, making it more likely the people you benefit will reciprocate when you make an offer down the road.

The reciprocity principle says that people respond in kind to nice behavior. If you want your users to trust you with their information and come back to you repeatedly, plant the reciprocity seed by being nice to them upfront and minimizing their interaction cost. Ask as little of your users as possible. On the web and elsewhere, start by giving before taking, and people will reciprocate.

In this consultation paper (CP), the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) sets out its proposal to apply a tighter limit for large exposures (LE) to certain French non-financial corporations (NFCs), to reciprocate the same measure imposed by France. The proposal would be effected through amendments to the Large Exposures Part of the PRA Rulebook (see Appendix 1). 59ce067264


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