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World In Union


These words are so relevant to what is going on in the world today. At a time where war isbreaking out, we must remember that we are all part of this world and learn once again the importance of working together. What I love about this song is that the words are so relatable to many different kind of situations, and it always makes sense. The message it gives is that nobody needs to struggle alone, we are all a team and we are all there to help each other. I knew I wanted to release a song that had real meaning to me, and this was the perfect choice.

It certainly helps the Rugby World Cup. The Olympics is the ultimate big event in terms of the sporting world. However, there are some fantastic synergies, no doubt, and there are lots of good conversations taking place at a number of levels with Tokyo 2020 about what those synergies are.

For World Rugby a successful Japan is about delivering on the growth of the sport, particularly in Asia. That said, it is not just about Asia because we know that a competitive and compelling World Cup will grow the sport all around the world, but actually we do have a lot of plans for the development of the sport in Asia. We are working very hard now, not only with the Japanese constituents but actually with Asia Rugby [the regional governing body] as a region to see how we can use 2019 to accelerate the growth of the sport.

The latest opportunity to purchase tickets is currently open with the General Public Ticket Ballot running until 12 November 2018. For information on Rugby World Cup 2019 tickets visit

Despite declining bargaining power, unions continue to generate a wage premium. Some feel collective bargaining has had its day. Politicians on both sides of the Atlantic have recently called for the removal of bargaining rights from workers in the name of wage and employment flexibility, yet unions often work in tandem with employers for mutual gain based on productivity growth. If this is where the premium originates, then firms and workers benefit. Without unions bargaining successfully to raise worker wages, income inequality would almost certainly be higher than it is.

This article outlines the pros and cons of union wage bargaining, with empirical evidence on the size of effects across countries and over time. It points to limitations in our knowledge of the size of union wage effects and their origins. It concludes with implications for public policy.

The first is the threat of unionization. This may lead non-union employers to raise wages in the hope that doing so will limit opportunities for unions to organize workers [2]. The threat effect therefore has the potential to close the gap between wages in the covered and uncovered sectors.

There is a long-standing debate as to whether unions have any effect at all on wages. Adam Smith in 1776 and Fleeming Jenkin in 1868 believed unions did raise wages, but Milton Friedman in 1950 thought they had little effect, because they could not affect the supply of labor. Instead, he said, they simply took the credit for what would have happened anyway. However, toward the end of the 20th century a consensus emerged that unions did affect wages [1], [3].

Where unions organize at workplace level it is possible to see the direct effect of unions on wages subsequent to a new organizing drive, especially when this results in a new employment contract with renegotiated wages, as is often the case in the US. In these settings, the size of union effects (on wages and other outcomes like share prices) reflects union bargaining strength, as indicated by the proportion of employees supporting the union. Not surprisingly, then, comparing wage changes where unions have only just won the support of employees in a workplace election with those where they have just lost reveals insignificant effects [5].

Nevertheless, as in the Anglo-American setting, the wage premium achieved through local bargaining is a function of union barg


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